More than a decade ago, the Supreme Court ruled that police officers have a constitutional right to use deadly force against people they suspect of committing a crime.
The ruling came in the wake of the Rodney King beating, which saw four police officers shoot Rodney King during a confrontation.
“I think the people that were most affected by this were African Americans,” says Kasey Jackson, a professor at the University of Alabama.
“We’ve been trying to figure out how do we ensure that people of color are not subjected to this.”
She says she was shocked to hear of the incident, and that her university is “very concerned” about the issue.
“That’s what I heard from people I spoke with.
I don’t know if they were really aware of it, but it seems like it’s been really hard to talk about,” Jackson says.
Jackson is part of a growing movement of scholars and activists who say that systemic racism in America, as well as institutional racism and the disproportionate use of force, is a problem that is deeply rooted in the criminal justice system.
In a series of recent studies, for example, researchers have documented the disproportionate impact of the criminalization of certain groups of people, including black Americans.
In an extensive study published in 2016, researchers at the Johns Hopkins University and Stanford University found that black Americans are more than twice as likely as whites to be incarcerated, with African Americans constituting an estimated 28% of all incarcerated people.
In the study, researchers also found that African Americans were more than two times as likely to be imprisoned for nonviolent offenses as white Americans, and a third more likely to have been arrested for nonviolent crimes as white people.
According to the study’s authors, African Americans are also more than three times as frequently imprisoned for drugs than whites, and nearly eight times as often as whites for other types of offenses.
In addition, researchers found that racial disparities in the use of police force are exacerbated by the racial wealth disparities in America.
“There is a lot of research that shows how these systems are disproportionately affecting African Americans and Latinos and other racial and ethnic groups,” Jackson said.
“In the criminal court system, they’re disproportionately impacting people of different socioeconomic groups.”
The data, Jackson says, is especially concerning in light of the disproportionate number of black people being charged with violent crimes.
She believes that the system can be fixed by creating an institutionalized system of justice that would better protect people of all races, and would not disproportionately impact those who are most vulnerable.
“It’s hard to say, ‘Hey, what’s the most important thing that we need to do to ensure that we have a system that protects all people?’
But it’s a very good question,” she says.
“Because, ultimately, I think we have to have a conversation about systemic racism.”
For her part, Jackson has been active in efforts to reform the criminal system.
After years of activism, she became a national leader in the fight to bring the death penalty back to the United States.
She worked to bring capital punishment back in her home state of Georgia.
In her new role as a senior research fellow at the NAACP, Jackson works to bring more attention to systemic racism and racial injustice in the U.S. She is also part of the UAW chapter in Alabama and a member of the National Council of Black Engineers, which is the national federation of engineers and researchers.
She’s also active in her local chapters of the NAACP and other progressive groups.
“The way that the criminal laws have been constructed, and the way that this system is set up to punish people of a certain race and a certain class of people and to create a kind of caste system, is very deeply rooted into our society,” Jackson explains.
“And it’s something that we’ve got to address.
And that’s the challenge.”
She has been working to address the issue by advocating for legislation that would make it more difficult for police to use excessive force against minorities, as she has done in the past.
The Alabama NAACP’s Legal Action Center also recently introduced legislation that will require all officers involved in a shooting to undergo training on police procedures.
The legislation, introduced by state Sen. Terri Lynn Land (R-Ala.), would also create a more transparent and accountable process for the use and accountability of police body cameras.
The bills also require officers to wear body cameras, which have become an increasingly popular tool in law enforcement in recent years.
“One of the things that we want to see is that we’re going to be able to have this data, that we can be able track this data.
And we’re also going to have accountability and transparency,” Jackson argues.
“If you’re in the business of policing, you’ve got a responsibility to do what you can to be transparent and transparent about how you’re going about it.
And if we can provide transparency, we can have accountability.”
The issue of police violence against African Americans, especially in Alabama, is not new. Since its